Hoi An Ancient Town (World Cultural Heritage)
Hoi An is an old town down the Thu Bon River, on the coastal plain of Quang Nam Province, about 30 km south of Da Nang City. Hoi An used to be known on the international market with many different names such as Lam Ap, Faifo, Hoai Pho and Hoi An. Hoi An offers some of the most densely-concentrated sights in Viet Nam with its old streets bordered with ancient houses and assembly halls, its pagodas, temples, ancient wells and tombs. In total, more than a thousand places of interest. The architecture of Hoi An is characterised by a harmonious blend of Vietnamese, Chinese and Japanese influences. After many centuries, Hoi An is still respectful of its traditions, folk festivals, beliefs and of its sophisticated culinary art. Set in a quiet environment, Hoi An is surrounded by peaceful villages that have crafts such as carpentry, bronze making, ceramic. The buildings in the old town is built mostly with traditional materials such as: brick, wood and no more than two floors. The traces of time is able to find not only on the architectural design of each building but also everywhere like: on the yin-yang roof tiles covered with moss and plants; the old gray mold walls; the pictures carved on a strange animal, or describing a old story. Having inherited a multi-cultural architecture so varied and sophisticated, Hoi An must have attracted numerous and talented workers in carpentry, ceramics, and woodcarving from China, Japan and other regions of Viet Nam. For centuries, Hoi An had developed into a melting pot of various nationalities who came to the area, bringing along their own cultures. Accordingly, Hoi An features the co-existence of indigenous customs and habits and those imported by foreign settlers. In the mind of the natives of Hoi An, this town constitutes a large ancient home that shelters a big family of many descendants including hospitable dwellers, friendly hosts and hostesses, kind-hearted women, obedient children and so on. They together form a harmonious community who has lived peacefully side by side through successive generations. Upon reaching Hoi An, visitors will immediately feel the hospitality and friendship the locals extend to them. One thing that has withstood the test of time, one thing that the Hoi An people today can be proud of and therefore, make every efforts to preserve is their popular ho (chants) and age-old cultural festivals. Among them, the "Nights of Hoi An" is held on the 14th night of every lunar month. Visitors can immerse themselves in a festive atmosphere imbued with the traditional identities of Hoi An. The architectural significance of Hoi An has been recognized by UNESCO, during the 23rd Congress which took place in Marrakech (Morocco) from the 29th of November to the 4th of December 1999, since the town was officially listed as a World Cultural Heritage Site. ATTRACTIONS: In the ancient town: - Chua Cau (Japanese Bridge) - Old Houses: Quan Thang Old House (77 Tran Phu); Diep Dong Nguyen Old House (80 Nguyen Thai Hoc) Tan Ky Old House (101 Nguyen Thai Hoc); Phung Hung Old House (4 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai); Tran Family Chapel (21 Le Loi) - Ancient Wells: Ba Le Well (Kiet Gieng Alley, Minh An Ward) - Assembly Halls: Quang Dong Assembly Hall (17 Tran Phu); Phuoc Kien Assembly Hall (46 Tran Phu); Trieu Chau Assembly Hall (157 Nguyen Duy Hieu); Hai Nam Assembly Hall (10 Tran Phu) - Museums: Museum of Trade Ceramics Hoi An (80 Tran Phu), Museum of Sa Huynh Culture (149 Tran Phu); Hoi An Museum of History and Culture (7 Nguyen Hue); Hoi An Museum of Folk Culture (33 Nguyen Thai Hoc) - Lantern Manufacturers: Ha Linh Lantern Manufacturer (72 Tran Nhan Tong); Huynh Van Ba Lantern Manufacturer (54 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai) Surroundings: - Cua Dai Beach; - Bay Mau Coconut Forest; - Cu Lao Cham; - Tra Que Vegetable Village; - Thanh Ha Pottery Village; - Kim Bong Carpentry Village; - Tombs of the Japanese traders USEFUL INFORMATION - Ticket price: VND 80,000/person (Vietnamese visitors); VND120,000/person (foreign visitors) - Visitors can enjoy: 1/ All streets in the Ancient Town, artistic activities, folk games, night market. 2/ Sightseeing places: * Japanese Covered Bridge, Cam Pho Communal House, Minh Huong Communal House, House of Tuy Tien Duong, Quan Cong Temple. * Museums: History and Culture, Trade Ceramics, Sa Huynh Culture, Folk Culture. * Old houses: Quan Thang, Duc An, Phung Hung, Tran Family's Chapel, Tan Ky. * Assembly Halls: Trieu Chau, Quang Dong, Phuc Kien. * Handicraft workshop and traditional arts performance, XQ Hoi An. * Ancient tombs of Japanese traders: Mr Gu Sokukun, Mr Tani Yajirobei, Mr Banjiro. Services in Hoi An Visitors can rent bicycles, motorcycles to visit around Hoi An. However, the most interesting thing is walking around the ancient town to feel the ethos of this place. Visitors can only visit the ancient town by motorcycles at periods: before 7:00; 11:30 – 14:00, 17:00 – 18:30 and after 21:00. - Free WiFi Internet access in Hoi An Ancient Town - Discovering Hoi An Night is interesting with traditional games, folk songs, and local food... Time: - Summer (from 16 April to 15 October): from 19:00 to 21:30; - Winter (from 16 October to 15 April): from 18:30 to 21:00. - Hoi An Legendary Night Date: The 14th day of every lunar month - Time: From 18:30 to 21:30 - Night Market: Open everyday from 17:00 - 23:00 on Nguyen Hoang Street (opposite the Japanese Bridge) with 40 stalls selling handicraft products such as ceramics, lanterns and traditional specialties of Hoi An - Quang Nam. - The program of "Enjoy lifting ro (small square fishing-net) on the river" Two times per day: from 9:00 to 11:00 and from 15:00 to 21:00 at Hoai River (arc area of the Japanese Bridge). - The program of "Piano performance place": from 19:00 to 21:00 daily at 106 Bach Dang. - Folk performances: from 19:00 to 21:00 daily at 78 Le Loi. It is 28km from HOI AN ANCIENT TOWN to Duy Tan University, the host of CDIO ASEAN 2018.